Key to a long life is a waist measuring less than half your height!

The secret to a long life is having a waistline no larger than half your height, scientists claim.

A study by Cass Business School at City University in London, based on two decades of medical research, said a waist to height ratio of 80 per cent or more could reduce life expectancy by up to 20 years.

Dr Margaret Ashwell, who co-authored the study, said: “Keep your waist circumference to less than half your height.

“People are living in false hope if they rely on their BMI figure. We have got to measure the right thing.”

Unlike waist to height measurement, BMI does not distinguish between fat and muscle.

Dr Ashwell said the average 30-year-old, 5ft 10in tall man should have a waist of no more than 35in. This would put him in the healthy category.

If his waist expanded to 42in or 60 per cent of his height, he risked losing 1.7 years of life and if it increased to 56in he could die 20.2 years earlier.

An average 30-year-old, 5ft 4in tall woman risked dying 1.4 years earlier if she let her waist swell from half her height, 32in, to 60 per cent of her height, 38.4in.

If her waist increased to 51in, she could die 10.6 years earlier.

Children should be measured from the age of five to eliminate them from being at risk of obesity and associated health problems as adults, the study suggested.

Les Mayhew, a professor of statistics at Cass Business School, said: “There is now overwhelming evidence that government policy should place greater emphasis on waist to height ratio as a screening tool.”

Dr Ashwell, who popularised the discovery that apple-shaped obesity is more dangerous than pear-shaped, said BMI was particularly poor at measuring early death due to obesity in women.

The waist measurement method provided more accurate readings for both sexes.

via Key to a long life is a waist measuring less than half your height – Telegraph.

ESH/ESC publish hypertension guidelines: Lifestyle changes reduce BP!

The European Society of Cardiology and the European Society of Hypertension released Guidelines for Physicians to treat Hypertension (high BP). The joint guidelines are designed to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with hypertension.

Worldwide, 1.5 billion people currently have high blood pressure, according to the World Health Organization.

Dr Robert Fagard, the chair of the ESH/ESC writing committee, reiterated that treatment decisions for patients should be dictated by their overall level of risk and a holistic approach to treatment should be advised by physicians.

 

Lifestyle changes for treatment!.

 

The new guidelines make a host of lifestyle recommendations for lowering blood pressure.

1. Salt intake:  The Guidelines recommend salt intake of approximately 5 to 6 g per day, in contrast with a typical intake of 9 to 12 g per day. A reduction to 5 g per day can decrease systolic blood pressure about 1 to 2 mm Hg in normotensive individuals and 4 to 5 mm Hg in hypertensive patients.

2. Lower BMI:  While the optimal body-mass index (BMI) is not known, the guidelines recommend getting BMIs down to 25 kg/m2 and reducing waist circumferences to <102 cm in men and <88 cm in women. Losing about 5 kg can reduce systolic blood pressure by as much as 4 mm Hg.

3. Exercise: Aerobic endurance training in hypertensive patients can reduce systolic blood pressure by 7 mm Hg.

 

Fagard said that physicians can typically give low/moderate-risk individuals a few months with lifestyle changes to determine whether they’re having an impact on blood pressure. They should be more aggressive with higher-risk patients, however, noting that drug therapy is started typically within a few weeks if diet and exercise are ineffective.

 

via ESH/ESC publish hypertension guidelines | theheart.org.